1. Select your Poultry ChoiceThe poultry industry is a broad niche. There are many sub-sectors in the poultry industry that you can tap into. Below are niches in the Poultry Farming Business:
- Egg production (Layers breeding) Meat production (Broilers breeding)
- Chicken breeding (Hatchery)
- Poultry feed production
- Poultry equipment manufacturing
- Egg and meat processing, packaging, and marketing
2. What type of bird will you be focusing on? when starting Poultry Farming Business
Poultry farming can further be classified into the types of birds: Domestic fowl or Chicken (Broilers and layers) Turkey Guinea fowl Pigeon Duck Goose
3. Start-up Capital Investment
The poultry farming business is capital intensive; depending on the scale, location of your farm, and the type of management technology used. A small-scale poultry farm being run behind your house may require a capital of between R5000 – R15 000. A medium-scale poultry farm may require R20 000 – R50 000 and a large scale poultry farm may require a start-up capital of R100 000 and above. Like I stated earlier, the scale is directly proportional to capital.
4. Poultry location good location is vital to the success and
the profitability of your poultry farm. An ideal poultry farm should be sited where there’s a large availability of cheap land and at the same time; should be close to areas with high population density. It’s not advisable to site your poultry farm within a residential area because of the offensive odor it produces. CHECK OUR WEBSITE
5. Housing your birds
There are three methods you can employ with respect to housing your birds. They are: Extensive system: Range and fold unitSemi Intensive system: Standard semi intensive unit and straw yardIntensive system: i. Deep litter, ii. Wire and slated floor, iii. Straw yard, iv. Battery cage.If you are running a poultry farm for commercial purposes and you intend to get the best out of the business; with respect to high birds’ productivity and efficiency.
Then you should consider housing your birds using the intensive system. Note that each of the 3 housing systems has its own advantages and disadvantages. Lastly, your Poultry housing structure should be built at a particular angle; Taking sunlight and wind into consideration.
6.Poultry equipment and supplies
The following Poultry equipment may be required for your farm: Feeders Drinkers Perches Nests Crates Lighting system Heating Lamps Waste disposal system Incubator
7.Projected return on investment The Incubation period of the domestic Fowl is 21 Days. You can start selling off your birds as early as 8 – 12 weeks, but full maturity is reached between 20 – 24 weeks. The payback period of a poultry farming business is between 3 – 5 years. 8.
Poultry farm staffing and manpower Operating a poultry farm are not labor-intensive if the use of technology is employed.
With respect to staffing, the number of manpower that is needed is also dependent on the size of your farm. But some must-have should be Admin officer or Manager; who will oversee the day to day running of your business.
Your Manager can also double as your accountant to cut down on costs. It is advisable that you have personnel who will reside permanently on the farm, to monitor and see the well-being of your Birds. You will also need security personnel that will monitor the inflow and outflow of people around your farm; and most importantly, Guard against theft. Aside from these few mentioned, you can add more personnel to suit your business needs and requirements.